Punishing the poor, killing the poor: punitive political responses to economic decline deepen health inequalities in the United States

Elias Nosrati, Michael Ash, Michael Marmot, Martin McKee and Lawrence P King

Nosrati authors

Health inequalities are on the rise in the United States: the gap in life expectancy between those at the top and the bottom of the income spectrum has increased rapidly since the dawn of the century, to the point where the lives of the poor are cut short by up to a decade and a half compared with those of the wealthy. Moreover, while the rich tend to live longer everywhere, life expectancy among the poor varies significantly by geographical region.

In our article recently published in the IJE, we show that these patterns of health are the product of powerful political and economic forces. Over the past few decades, neoliberal politics, the decline of unions and economic globalisation have resulted in rapid industrial restructuring and economic dislocation in the US. Organised labour has been eroded in the industrial heartland, and manufacturing operations have been shifted to the non-unionised south and to foreign countries.

Continue reading “Punishing the poor, killing the poor: punitive political responses to economic decline deepen health inequalities in the United States”

Deaths of despair? Recent trends present a more complicated picture of mortality among White Americans

Daniel H Simon, Andrea M Tilstra and Ryan K Masters

Simon authors

Rising mortality among young and middle-aged White Americans has alarmed researchers, public health professionals and the broader public. These concerns were amplified by a 2015 study in which the authors attributed rising mortality rates among White Americans to increases in deaths from chronic liver disease, suicide and drug overdoses. The authors argued that increased mortality from these causes of death is likely a result of the “same underlying epidemic” that is affecting a “lost generation” of Americans. The underlying epidemic was said to be “deaths of despair”, originating from rising distress, economic insecurity and chronic pain.

Continue reading “Deaths of despair? Recent trends present a more complicated picture of mortality among White Americans”