For children in low-income countries, diarrhoea
remains a major cause of death and can lead to long-term health consequences. Accurate
estimates of childhood diarrhoeal illness are crucial to evaluating the success
of campaigns to defeat diarrhoea and improve health in countries where the
burden of diarrhoea is high.
In our study, recently published in the IJE, we found that caregivers may underestimate diarrhoeal diseases in children aged under 5 years when asked to recall whether the children had diarrhoea in the previous 2 weeks. Compared with a 1-week recall period, there was a consistent underestimation of the prevalence of diarrhoea across five countries in sub-Saharan Africa.
Suman Chakrabarti, Md Tajuddin Khan and Samuel Scott
Respiratory infections are the most common
chronic disease in children globally and a leading cause of death in developing
countries. This situation is exacerbated by air pollution.
Air pollution in northern India, mainly New Delhi and the neighbouring states, is exacting a toll on the health of residents, making global headlines and highlighting the severity and extent of this public health disaster in one of the world’s fastest-growing economies.
A contributory factor to air pollution in northern India is the harmful practice of crop residue burning — when farmers burn the crop residue to clear fields before sowing a new crop. Although banned by the Indian government in 2015, this practice remains prevalent in many parts of the northern Indian states of Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh.